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The necropolis of Fossa.

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The necropolis of Fossa.

Where: Fossa
(Casale-Cave di pietra)
Genre: culture   

In 1992, during the excavation of foundations for an industrial building, mounds and underground chambers were found, which were found to be arranged on an area of 3500 square meters. The total number of tombs, countable in 500, belong to three main periods of attendance of the Vestini ethnic group, so called by the ancient Romans, with whom they came into contact in the 1st century BC. C. The tumuli dating back to the Iron Age, from the IX to the VIII century a. C. are structured in earth and stones, sometimes covered with larger stones, and wrapped by Menhirs arranged in descending order from the inside out, as a symbol of the increase in stature with the passage of time. Archaeologists have unearthed grave goods consisting of ceramic and bronze vessels and smaller jars arranged in closets. The tumuli of the orientalizing age, from the VIII to the VI century a. C, are more structured graves containing different outfits, according to the female or male destination. Jewels, weapons, vases, razors and, in the mounds of rank, vases of Etruscan import have been found. The chamber tombs with a lithic or wooden box relate to the Hellenistic age which goes up to the 2nd century BC. C. The quadrangular ones which can be reached via a corridor called Dromos, contained the dead of a family and were therefore reopened several times. The refinement and artistic evolution can be read in the kits, such as beds decorated with bones, pendants in glass paste, vases with refined figures, pawns and game dice.

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